By: Muhammad Shafiq Mohd Taib

Individual abilities to socialize may vary between one and another as it is influenced by many factors which one is found to be self-esteem. Self-esteem refers to the set of evaluative attitudes that a person has about himself or his accomplishment (Morrison & Thomas, 2001).

According to Marlowe & Gergen as cited in Morrison & Thomas (2001), a variety of interpersonal behaviors have been found to be related with different level of self-esteem. In particular persons with low self-esteem have been found to prefer a greater amount of personal space (i.e. to maintain greater interpersonal distance) than those with high self-esteem (as cited in Morrison et. al, 2001).

In his study, Morrison et. al. (2001) used a naturalistic group setting to test the hypothesis that low self-esteem would tend to be more withdrawn and inhibited in social interaction than those of high-self esteem. The study concern was that the withdrawal and inhibition would be manifested both in amount of participation in group discussion and in physical location in the class room thus Morrison et. al. (2001) hypothesizes that low self-esteem would want more distance between themselves and the instructor than those of high self-esteem and would thus sit farther towards the back of the room.
The result was that seating position would indicate their level of self-esteem in which it shows that how persons feel about themselves in the school setting is related to how they have in that same setting as both hypotheses were confirmed when students were categorized on the basis of the school self-esteem subscale used in this study.

Review article taken from Morrison, T., L. & Thomas. M., D. (2001) Self-esteem and classroom participation. The Journal of Educational Research

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